Contrary to public opinion – periodontal or gum disease is the primary cause of tooth loss, not tooth decay. The persistent presence of chronic oral infections has been associated with the onset of other diseases and is subject to ongoing research.
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth, which is caused by specific microorganisms living in a biofilm, and and around the teeth. Microorganisms can trigger an immune response, in some cases resulting in the progressive destruction of gingival tissue, the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Disease progression is characterised by increased pocket formation, recession, tooth mobility, and in some cases, the loss of teeth.
Gum disease can cause a host of problems if not managed effectively, which is why Laser + Holistic dental uses a variety of techniques to encourage a hygienic and healthy oral environment.
At Laser + Holistic Dental we treat periodontal disease using a combination of antimicrobial approaches including:
- Dental lasers
- Ozone treatments
- Photo Activation Disinfection (PAD)
- Hand scaling
Laser assisted periodontal treatments have been documented in improving patient outcomes through superior disinfection and stimulating healing responses.
“Samples taken from periodontal pockets treated with dental lasers showed no bacterial culture growth…”
Periodontal treatments using laser assistance have been shown to be significantly more effective at removing pathogens from periodontal areas than conventional ultrasonic and hand scaling techniques.1 Samples taken from periodontal pockets treated with dental lasers showed no bacterial culture growth in 85% of cases, whereas periodontal pockets treated with conventional ultrasonics had bacterial culture growth in every single case.1
Laser assisted periodontal treatments also can reduce systemic bacteraemic impacts potentially caused when bacteria spreads throughout the blood stream from a site of infection.2 In dentistry, issues can occur when immunocompromised patients elect to have procedures such as deep pocket scaling or a tooth extraction. Laser + Holistic Dental combines laser, PAD and ozone technology to reduce these potential risks of infection and prevent disease for our patients.
Other benefits of using laser technology in periodontal treatments, are accelerated wound healing and reduced inflammation.2 , 3 Lasers can ablate or inactivate toxic substances like bacterial endotoxins that can slow the body’s natural healing responses.2 , 3 Body tissues and cells become biostimulated after laser treatments providing benefits such as reduced pain, reduced inflammation and promotion of wound healing.2
“Research has recently identified that there is a genetic predisposition to gum disease”
Many people are not aware that gum diseases can be contagious as the microorganisms can pass between partners and family members – or even pets.4 , 5 Common symptoms of gum disease include bad breath, a bad taste and bleeding or receded gums. Research has recently identified that there is a genetic predisposition to gum disease, that can be further exacerbated by lifestyle choices such as smoking, poor nutrition, heavy drinking and inadequate oral hygiene. Other factors like pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy, the contraceptive pill and exposure to mercury through dental amalgams can also have significant impacts of problematic periodontal symptoms.6 , 7 , 8 , 9
If you suffer from any symptoms linked to periodontal disease we recommend that you are tested for the genetic predisposition. This will allow our dentists to manage your risk profile and make sure we do everything possible to help you maintain a healthy oral environment. This also includes checking other family members who may have inherited the same genetic vulnerabilities. The earlier this is identified and appropriately managed will determine more favourable long term outcomes.
This genetic testing can be simply done using painless saliva diagnostics. These tests can identify the DNA of various microorganisms and detect certain viruses, such as HPV which has been linked to oropharyngeal cancers.
You can learn more about these genetic tests, and how they will assist in making evidence based choices for you and your family – please click here.
- LANAP Immediate Effects in Vivo on Human Chronic Periodontitis Microbiota
- Periodontal and peri-implant wound healing following laser therapy
- Laser antisepsis of Phorphyromonas gingivalis in vitro with dental lasers
- Transmission of periodontal bacteria and models of infection
- Distribution of periodontopathic bacterial species in dogs and their owners
- Hormonal factors in periodontal disease
- Symptoms before and after proper amalgam removal in relation to serum-globulin reaction to metals
- The limits of hormone substitution in pollutant exposure and fertility disorders
- Assessment of risk for periodontal disease. I. Risk indicators for attachment loss